Make-up before the mirror (moga)
(Kagami no mae- Kesho)
with karazuri (blind-printing) to accentuate the curves the body, signed Hiroaki with artist's rectangular seal, Hiroaki, and publisher's seal on the lower right margin, Hanken shoyu Fusui Gabo hakko, with printer's seal on lower left, Insetsu Onotomi (printer Onotomi), ca. 1927-30
dai oban tate-e 16 3/4 by 11 3/8 in., 42.5 by 29 cm
This particular design falls within a subset of bijin-ga depicting women displaying the fashions and attributes of moga (shortened from modan garu, 'modern girl'). The most recognizable (and controversial) identifying characteristic of a moga was the bobbed haircut (or sometimes long hair was fashioned into a knot at the nape of the neck which would mimic the bob). The prototypical moga was an educated and independent woman, probably employed, and usually at least perceived of as promiscuous (if not actually so).
From the 1920s into the early 1930s Japanese women began to assert themselves beyond the strict ideals of their traditional roles as good daughters, wives and mothers. Many print artists approached the subject of moga as a fresh opportunity to depict bijin and their fashions; but some compositions also managed to convey temporal pleasures in the moga lifestyle. Appropriately, the decadence of enjoying the here and now of a fleeting, floating world is actually the very nature of ukiyo-e itself.
Brown, Kendall H., Light in Darkness: Woman in Japanese Prints of Early Showa (1926-1945), 1996, cat. 9
Reigle Newland, Amy, and Hamanaka Shinji, The Female Image: 20th century prints of Japanese beauties, 2000, no. 149
Nihon no hanga III 1921-1930, Toshi to onna to hikari to kage to (Japanese Prints III, 1921-1930: Cities and Women, Lights and Shadows), Chiba City Museum of Art, 2001, p. 125, no. 271
Reigle Newland, Amy, gen. ed., Printed to Perfection: Twentieth-century Japanese Prints from the Robert O. Muller Collection, 2004, no. 14
Shimizu, Hisao, Syotei (Hiroaki) Takahashi: His Life and Works, 2005, pl. 318
Scholten Japanese Art is open Monday - Friday, and some Saturdays by appointment only
Contact Katherine Martin at
(212) 585-0474 or email
to schedule a visit between 11am and 4pm for no more than two individuals at a time.
In order to adhere to New York State guidelines visitors are asked to wear face masks and practice social distancing.
site last updated
September 22, 2020
Scholten Japanese Art
145 West 58th Street, suite 6D
New York, New York 10019
ph: (212) 585-0474
fx: (212) 585-0475
Join our mailing list...